Main continent – North America
Canada is a country that is located on the continent of North America. From the South and North-West Canada borders with the USA. The Northern border is the shore of the Arctic ocean and in the North-East is Davis Strait, and Affidavy Bay. From the East coast of Canada is washed by the Atlantic ocean, and West of the Pacific ocean. In addition to the main territory of Canada it also consists of the Islands – second, the Baffin island, Victoria, Ellesmere, Devon, Banks, Newfoundland, and many others.
State total area of Canada is 9970610 square meters. Of this total area 755180 square metres are for rivers and freshwater lakes. No country in the world can boast so many lakes as Canada. The most famous lake in Canada is the Great lakes. Besides them, in Canada there are thirty-one quite a large lake.
The most famous canadian lakes – Great bear, Great Slave, Winnipeg, Manitoba, athabaska, Nipigon, Mistassini. The largest rivers of Canada are the Saint Lawrence river and its tributaries are the Ottawa and Co-gene. The largest rivers of Canada also include the St John river, Saskatchewan river, Nelson river, and the Fraser river, Mackenzie and Yukon. As to the St. Lawrence river, it originates in the Great Lakes and empties into the Gulf of the same name – St. Lawrence. The largest river in Canada – the Fraser empties into the Pacific ocean.
The Western part of Canada decorated with Rocky mountains. The ridge of the highest mountains, which are here called St. Elias. The highest mountain peak here is at 5951 meters. This mountain is called Logan. The remaining few less mountains: St. Elias 5489 meters, Lucania – 5226 metres, king of Spades – 5173 metres.
As of 1998 the population of Canada amounted to approximately 30 million 675 thousand 400 people. The average population density is about 3 persons per square kilometer. As for ethnic groups, there can be mentioned the following: the British – account for 40 percent of the population, the French – constitute 27 percent of the population, Asians about 5 percent. Immigrants from different European countries account for 16 percent of the population. Here also the Indians live. They make up only 4 percent.
Official languages Canada has two – English and French. More French-speaking residents live primarily in Quebec, Ontario and new-Brunswick. If we talk about religion, in Canada the predominant Catholicism (46% of the population are Catholics). In second place are the Protestants with 41 percent, then Orthodox 2%, Muslim 1%, Jews – 1%. Everyone else in the minority – the Sikhs, Hindus and Buddhists. The capital of Canada is Ottawa. Despite the fact that Ottawa is the capital of the North-American States, the largest city in Canada Toronto is considered to be. There are 4 million 483 thousand inhabitants.
With regard to the state of the device, there was established the parliamentary Confederation. The head of state of Canada is known for Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II. She is represented by Governor-General Romeo LeBlanc, who is in the position since 1995. The head of government is Prime Minister Jean Creatiei. The monetary unit of the country – the canadian dollar. According to statistics, in 1998 the average life expectancy in Canada is: women – 81 years, men – 74 years.
It is known that not all mainland territory of Canada belongs to the North temperate zone. Most of the Canadian Arctic archipelago is located in the permafrost zone. The climate in Canada is not uniform in all areas. Depending on the region the climate changing in the country. In General, winters in Canada are cold, snowy and frosty, and the summer is always characterized by moderate temperatures.
In Northern Canada the vegetation is represented mostly by tundra. The coastal province covered by forests. The province, dominated by Prairie, forests have not – here the vegetation includes various grasses. On the slopes of the Rocky Mountains, boreal pine forests. The closer to the Pacific coast, the more frequent the dense forests, the main representatives of which are some species of spruce, juniper, cedar and Canada yew.
The canadian fauna is quite rich and interesting. Canadian forests are rich in fur-bearing animals such as Fox, sable, black Fox, and coyote. The wolves here are also not uncommon.