Shatsk lakes. Ukraine
In Ukraine most richly lakes of Polesie. Blue mirror natural reservoirs of this region are rightfully considered the jewels of our nature. They are scattered all over the Polesie lowland, but most of them are in its Western part. Here, in Volhynia, which is sometimes called “little taiga”, you will find more than one hundred and fifty lakes.
These are the largest freshwater reservoirs in Ukraine, including beautiful Svityaz, Pulemetske lake, lake Luke and Nebel.
Polissya lakes are located one by one or in groups. The most famous group — the Shatsk lakes, the decoration of the North-Western part of Volyn region. Lake in the group of Shatsky lakes are very different. Some of them, such as, for example, Turski, occupy depressions of river valleys, but most of the lakes are isolated from major rivers or connected to small ducts. Interestingly, the water in the group of Shatsky lakes has a different color. So, the Lake is strikingly transparent it is, the lake is Sandy — whitish, in lake take — bluish.
Svityaz lake is included in the seven natural wonders of Ukraine, in the past about him many legends. It fascinates not only the transparency of the water, but snow-white Cretaceous bed, and its fish resources are truly inexhaustible. On clear days, the Lake reflects the azure of the sky, and in bad weather the vast stretches of formidable walk lead-gray waves. The lake warms up well in summer, and clean water and gently sloping sand bottom attract thousands of tourists.
In all water bodies that fall within the group of Shatsk lake, there are perch, roach, pike, bream, crucian carp, eel of river, is well settled here and acclimatized species. So, in the lakes Svityaz, Pulemetske and Crimsom inhabits the canadian catfish, in the lake of Sand — forelosure, Polimerkom — Peipsi whitefish. Beautiful lake shore are favorite nesting sites of waterfowl. Especially here a lot of wild ducks and geese, there are swans, grey and great white herons.
In 1983 to protect the unique natural complexes in the area Shatsk lakes national Park. Its structure includes 22 scenic lake, surrounded by pine forests and sandy beaches.
To the East of the Volyn Polissia lakes on the territory of Ukraine are much rarer. They are mainly located in the floodplains and terraces of major rivers and their major tributaries.
On the Black sea coast a lot of estuary lakes. It is, as a rule, the sea flooded the mouth or lower course of rivers. Hollows of most of the South Ukrainian estuaries created by the rivers in those ancient times when the sea level was lower than today and the river is much more affluent. The resulting gradual lowering of the onset of the sushi sea flooded parts of river valleys and a unique coastal lakes.
Unusual and lakes are formed in areas for which in the past was characterized by active volcanic activity. The craters of extinct volcanoes, gradually filled by rain and snow water, while there are volcanic lakes such as Lipovetskoe, Blue and Morachevskii in the Carpathians.
In mountainous terrain as a result of collapses, landslides and avalanches can occur natural dam, blocking the river valley. It formed dammed lakes, which include lake Synevyr in Mizhhiria district, Transcarpathian region, lying at an altitude of 989 m above sea level.
The unique purity of the lake Svityaz is due to the fact that his main power amount to artesian water. In the Western part of the lake to the surface from under the Cretaceous formations out powerful sources of crystal clear water, annual inflow of approximately 3.5 million m3. However, water runoff from adjacent to the water surface slopes play a role. In the spring the water level in the lake rises significantly — sometimes by more than a meter. In high water in the lake also receives water from a nearby lake Lucimar through the adjacent small lake Linowitz.