In Karelia are the largest lakes of Europe – Ladoga and Onega. Stand out for their size also Vygozero (1000 sq km), Topozero. Segozero, Pjaozero, Vodlozero, Kuito, Sumozero. In total there are about 60000 lakes with a total area of over 40,000 sq km of Lake area up to 1 sq km make up 97,4% and cover about 10000 sq km.
The origin of the lakes can be divided into waste (the deepest – type Topozero, Pyaozero), glacial, depression which wapahani the glacier and subglacial streams (lakes of medium and shallow depths), and Zapadno river, resulting from block of river valleys by glacial sediments (Ondozero, Gimolskoye).
Like rivers, all the lakes of Karelia belong to the basins of White and Baltic seas. The height of the watershed which runs from the Northern part of the West Karelian upland to the southern part of Segozero, between lakes Onega and Vygozero and further to the Southeast in the direction of Pudozh district, is 150-200 m.
All large, medium and most small (1 sq km) the lakes – flow-through or waste, which is beneficial for fish life and other living organisms. Approximately 31,000 small lakes, forest Lambin area of 1 sq km – beremennosti. Continue reading
While at the yard the frost, I sit here and think of my trip to Abkhazia this summer. We went to a beautiful lake Ritsa. It is situated in the Ritsa national Park at an altitude of 950 m above sea level in the basin of the river Bzyb, deep wooded gorge of the rivers Lspci and Yupshara there, East of the Gagra range. The mountains surrounding the lake, have a height of 2200-3200m metres. Area of 1.27 km2, length — 2.5 km, width from 270 to 870 meters. The average depth is 63 m, the highest is 131 m. the origin of the name Riza? There is a legend about a girl named Riza, who tragically died in these places. Once in the area were the valley through which flowed a stream. On its pastures grazed cattle beauty named Riza is the only sister of 3 brothers (Pshegishkha, Acetone and Agepsta). The young men spent their days hunting, and the girl herds and were managed on the farm.
One day the brothers went to hunt in the mountains and did not come back. A night passed, second – and they still would not. The girl missed him and, sitting close to the house, singing, looking at the road that left the brothers. Heard the singing thief 2 – the Gega and Yupshara. Seeing how a beautiful girl, they decided to steal it and take away with them. Yupshara grabbed ritsu and rode onward through the valley, and Gega was covering him from behind.
However, Continue reading
Caspian sea — lake, the largest in the world by area and volume of water. K its shores appears five States. The salinity of the most part of the reservoir is about three times smaller than the oceanic, in the North the water is almost fresh.
In the Caspian sea registered 101 species of fish, it is focused the majority of the world’s reserves of sturgeon, as well as freshwater fish such as roach, carp, perch.
Ladoga and Onega lakes — the largest in Europe.
On the Ladoga lake – the abundance of Islands, which number more than 650
Lake Onega is one of the largest freshwater bodies of Europe. Its area is about 10,000 square kilometers. the length 248 km, width up to 80 kilometers. The average depth is 30 meters.
Lake Elton — one of the most interesting natural objects on the territory of the Volgograd region. Salt lake of enormous size, comparable only with Israeli the Dead sea, is situated in the middle of Pallasovsky steppe.
It has long been noticed that by the end of summer the surface of the lake is colored in mysterious purple-Golden color.
In Russia, the Lotus grows only in two places — in the Astrakhan region and in the far East. Lotus lake (or Goose) — a unique pond, all summer covered with a carpet of rare flowers. This lake is situated on one of the most picturesque Islands of the Peter the Great Bay
About the lake tell a wondrous legend. If before it was the valley where stood the village. In the middle of the village stood a well. One day from this well began to flow water, which flooded the village. It is believed that it broke the water of lake Baikal, which connects Crow huge underground channel. They say there is even the wreckage of ships that sank in the lake, find. And endemic fish found in the lake of Lotuses.