The cleanest and deepest lake — Baikal. Its length is 620 km, the width ranges from 32 to 74 kilometers. The depth of the lake in the deepest part of the crack length is equal to 1940 meters. The volume of fresh water in the lake is 2,300 cubic kilometers.
African sister of lake Baikal geographers call lake Tanganyika. It originated in Eastern Africa many millions of years ago. Under the influence of tectonic forces in the earth’s surface there were two giant cracks. And in the place where now splashing water of lake Tanganyika, formed two large abysses – trenches. Gradually they filled with water, and there were two closed lakes.
It took many millennia, and these reservoirs are connected, forming lake Tanganyika. In local dialect the name of the lake means “sail”. The similarities of lake Baikal and Tanganyika is that they are similar in size and shape, as well as the origin of their basins. In addition, these are two of the most ancient and deepest freshwater lake in the world, Tanganyika equal Depth of 1470 metres, almost 700 metres below sea level. The lake water remarkably clear and pure, and its surface is so smooth that reminds a mirror.
The lake is home to over 400 species of various Continue reading
Caspian sea — lake, the largest in the world by area and volume of water. K its shores appears five States. The salinity of the most part of the reservoir is about three times smaller than the oceanic, in the North the water is almost fresh.
In the Caspian sea registered 101 species of fish, it is focused the majority of the world’s reserves of sturgeon, as well as freshwater fish such as roach, carp, perch.
Ladoga and Onega lakes — the largest in Europe.
On the Ladoga lake – the abundance of Islands, which number more than 650
Lake Onega is one of the largest freshwater bodies of Europe. Its area is about 10,000 square kilometers. the length 248 km, width up to 80 kilometers. The average depth is 30 meters.
Lake Elton — one of the most interesting natural objects on the territory of the Volgograd region. Salt lake of enormous size, comparable only with Israeli the Dead sea, is situated in the middle of Pallasovsky steppe.
It has long been noticed that by the end of summer the surface of the lake is colored in mysterious purple-Golden color.
In Russia, the Lotus grows only in two places — in the Astrakhan region and in the far East. Lotus lake (or Goose) — a unique pond, all summer covered with a carpet of rare flowers. This lake is situated on one of the most picturesque Islands of the Peter the Great Bay
About the lake tell a wondrous legend. If before it was the valley where stood the village. In the middle of the village stood a well. One day from this well began to flow water, which flooded the village. It is believed that it broke the water of lake Baikal, which connects Crow huge underground channel. They say there is even the wreckage of ships that sank in the lake, find. And endemic fish found in the lake of Lotuses.
Beautiful, mesmerizing and alluring water surface can often be very dangerous. So, if you are going on another vacation on the shores of the reservoir, remember that many of them can pose a deadly danger to humans. And it’s not just the variety of creatures lurking in the depths, but in radiation, poisonous gases and other harmful factors resulting from the work of Mother nature. Offer to meet with the most dangerous lakes in the world.
1. The boiling lake
This lake, located on the beautiful Caribbean island of Dominica is the second largest natural hot spring in the world. Here only there is hardly a brave man who dared to try the water temperature in the lake, because it reaches 90 degrees Celsius. One look at the photo enough to see that the water in the lake is boiling and this is due to the fact that at the bottom of the reservoir has a crack, through which is constantly erupting hot lava.
2. Lake Powell
In common, this lake, located near mammoth lakes, not otherwise referred to as horseshoe. The town of mammoth lakes is located on top of an active volcano, but despite this, lake Powell for many years was considered safe, until all the trees around him began to die. After a series of studies, scientists concluded that the cause of death of trees Continue reading