In Karelia are the largest lakes of Europe – Ladoga and Onega. Stand out for their size also Vygozero (1000 sq km), Topozero. Segozero, Pjaozero, Vodlozero, Kuito, Sumozero. In total there are about 60000 lakes with a total area of over 40,000 sq km of Lake area up to 1 sq km make up 97,4% and cover about 10000 sq km.
The origin of the lakes can be divided into waste (the deepest – type Topozero, Pyaozero), glacial, depression which wapahani the glacier and subglacial streams (lakes of medium and shallow depths), and Zapadno river, resulting from block of river valleys by glacial sediments (Ondozero, Gimolskoye).
Like rivers, all the lakes of Karelia belong to the basins of White and Baltic seas. The height of the watershed which runs from the Northern part of the West Karelian upland to the southern part of Segozero, between lakes Onega and Vygozero and further to the Southeast in the direction of Pudozh district, is 150-200 m.
All large, medium and most small (1 sq km) the lakes – flow-through or waste, which is beneficial for fish life and other living organisms. Approximately 31,000 small lakes, forest Lambin area of 1 sq km – beremennosti. Continue reading
The cleanest and deepest lake — Baikal. Its length is 620 km, the width ranges from 32 to 74 kilometers. The depth of the lake in the deepest part of the crack length is equal to 1940 meters. The volume of fresh water in the lake is 2,300 cubic kilometers.
African sister of lake Baikal geographers call lake Tanganyika. It originated in Eastern Africa many millions of years ago. Under the influence of tectonic forces in the earth’s surface there were two giant cracks. And in the place where now splashing water of lake Tanganyika, formed two large abysses – trenches. Gradually they filled with water, and there were two closed lakes.
It took many millennia, and these reservoirs are connected, forming lake Tanganyika. In local dialect the name of the lake means “sail”. The similarities of lake Baikal and Tanganyika is that they are similar in size and shape, as well as the origin of their basins. In addition, these are two of the most ancient and deepest freshwater lake in the world, Tanganyika equal Depth of 1470 metres, almost 700 metres below sea level. The lake water remarkably clear and pure, and its surface is so smooth that reminds a mirror.
The lake is home to over 400 species of various Continue reading
Kyrgyzstan is famous for its picturesque nature and rich history that attracts many tourists from all corners of not only CIS, but also abroad. Kyrgyzstan surprised by its natural diversity: on its territory adjoin the majestic mountain ranges of the Tien Shan mountains, covered with snow, and the beautiful green plains, picturesque rivers and lakes, waterfalls, springs and gorges and caves. In addition, on the territory of Kyrgyzstan there are many architectural and archeological monuments: settlements, tombs, burial grounds, complete with its unsolved mysteries of the Ancient East. Travel Agency “Three pillars” offers travel and tours in Issyk-Kul this summer, what could be better entertainment at affordable prices!
The pride of the country and a pearl of Central Asia is considered to be the Issyk-Kul lake . situated at an altitude of 1607 meters above the sea level. “Issyk-Kul lake” is translated as “hot lake”, although it is not quite true. The fact that Continue reading