Victoria (Victoria Nyanza, Ukereoue, eng. Lake Victoria, Victoria Nyanza, Swahili Ziwa Victoria viktória Nyanza, Nyanza Ziwa) is a lake in East Africa, in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda. Located in a tectonic trough of the East African platform, at a height of 1134 m. This is the 2nd largest freshwater lake in the world after lake superior the largest lake in Africa by area. It is also the highest among tropical lakes. Show all..
Discovered the lake and named it in honor of Queen Victoria of the British Explorer John Henning Speke in 1858.
Hollow lake. Victoria in East Africa was formed as a result of the doming uplift of the surrounding land.
The area of 68 thousand km2, length 320 km, the maximum width of 275 km. Is part of the Victoria reservoir. A lot of Islands. Abundant river flows into the Kagera, it follows the Victoria Nile. The lake is navigable, the people engaged on it fishing.
North shore crosses the equator. Lake with a maximum depth of 80 m is a sufficiently deep lakes.
In contrast to the deep neighbors, Tanganyika and Nyasa, which lie within a system of gorges of Africa, lake Victoria fills a shallow depression between the Eastern and Western sides of the valley Great gorge. Continue reading
The famous lake Seliger is actually a system of lakes lying in the Tver and Novgorod regions. Otherwise, the call Ostashkov Seliger lake, the city of Ostashkov, standing on the shore.
The area of the Seliger – 260 km, the length of the coastline is 528 km Seliger 110 flows into rivers and streams, the largest of which Krapivenka, Cheremuha and Roach. Follows from the lake, only one river – Selijarovka.
Seliger lies at an altitude of 205 m. the Origin of the lake – glacial. Typical for glacial lakes is the form of Seliger – the bizarre system of several lakes, stretching for 100 km and combined with a narrow channel.
The coastline is very indented Seliger: in the land stretch out picturesque bays, many Islands of various shapes.
The separate parts of Seliger have their own names: lake Velichko, Wasco, Seremo, Long, Deep, Svetica, Holy and other.
The largest stretches are in Seliger Ostashkov, Polkowski, Kravotynsky, Trinity, Selizharovsky, Sosnitsky, Berezovsky and Nizhnekamsky.
Seliger has an extraordinary transparent for freshwater water, visibility up to 5 m.
In Seliger are about 30 species of fish. Of them fishing: bream. smelt and perch. burbot. IDE, vendace, pike. Work Continue reading
The world’s largest volcanic lake is located on the island of Sumatra. in Indonesia. This is Toba, the largest lake in Indonesia. In the center of the island of Sumatra is the Great Sumatran fault: here one can feel the slightest changes of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates which makes the whole area one of the most seismically active on earth. Near this dangerous fault and is Toba.
The lake is a consequence of the most powerful in the last 25 million years of volcanic eruptions. It was about 73 500 (±3500) years ago and, according to experts, was in force in 8 points.
The Toba Caldera is located in the North Central part of Sumatra. From the equator it is separated about 200 km It was formed from the collapsed during the eruption of three volcanoes calderas, pulled a part of the land. It subsequently filled with water. In the middle of the lake Toba is Samosir island is the result of extrusion of lava from the center of the Caldera, and now gradually resurgent lava dome, possibly the largest on Earth. However, earlier it was a Peninsula. And the island of Samosir became after 1906, the Dutch paved the channel depth Continue reading