“He have nazyvatsya the sea, that mingled with a large sea, and obesity its terms cannot be”, – wrote in the XVII century on lake Baikal Tsar’s Ambassador Nikolay Spafariy. Blue Crescent of lake Baikal have spread from the southwest to the northeast between the mountain ranges of Eastern Siberia by as much as 636 kilometers. In the Central part of the width of the lake over 80 km, and the opposite shore can be seen only in very clear weather, and the depth of Baikal reaches an incredible value for lake – 1637 meters. It is the deepest lake in the world. Photos Of Baikal. of course, to give some indication of the unique nature of the lake, but passed only a fraction of the charm of the sacred sea. You need to see the blue gave the Baikal lake, the mighty cliffs rising from the water straight to the sky, to feel the power of Baikal winds and waves, to understand why the Baikal often called the sea and not a lake.
Tectonic depression in which lies lake Baikal, began to fill with water 20-25 million years, and in its present shape, the lake has existed for several million years. The depth of the fracture in the earth’s crust, in which is situated the Baikal reaches 8.5 km. Most of the fault over millions of years has filled with sediments.
Lake Baikal contains 20% of the world’s fresh water. More than 330 rivers Continue reading
Denmark — it’s a small country with beautiful nature and rich history. Not accidentally it is called the “Pearl of the Scandinavian Peninsula”: because of its small territory focused real treasures of culture and history to visit, all year round: in winter and summer.
The capital — københavn (Copenhagen), cities — Aalborg (Alborg), århus (Aarhus) and Odense (Odense).
In snow season this hospitable country offers to spend unforgettable new year holidays in the fairytale capital, Copenhagen is rich or attractions in Aarhus. Or go to Odense — the birthplace of perhaps the most famous storyteller in the world — Hans Christian Andersen. In addition, the trip by boat visiting some of the Scandinavian countries can enjoy, both adults and children.
In summer, the Kingdom prepares special surprises that will appeal to family tourists. First, this is an awesome theme parks — Legoland and Tivoli. Secondly, the fabulous beaches of the Danish Riviera, where during the winter the tired mothers will be able to enjoy high quality treatments at local SPA hotels. Third, amazing nature. Beautiful lakes with sandy beaches, like toys, gingerbread farm, where you can taste delicious national dishes and taste local cheeses. Finally, the romantic old fortress, part of which today is open as a hospitable Continue reading
Lake Kaffeklubben (detsk. Kaffeklubben Sø, 83 37′) is located on a small (48 ha) of the eponymous island. to the North of Greenland, only 707 km from the pole. This is the most Northern lake on the Earth.
For a long time scientists argued about whether to receive life in such places, the impulse to reproduce as a result of nitrate pollution, or make her stop the impending effects of global warming. It seems that an international group of researchers under the guidance of Bianca Perren of the University of Franche-comté (France) managed to answer this question.
Water near the shore Kaffeklubben. No, not the result of a continuous thawing, and only a puddle formed on the surface of thick ice. Nevertheless, diatoms thrive already, for the first time in 2,400 years. (Photo by Bianca Perren et al.)
Despite the harsh living conditions, once the lake was full Kaffeklubben life in the face of cyanobacteria. The ice over the lake while constant, varying only the thickness. But even under 1-2 m of ice cyanobacteria survive. However, they are most active in summer when the air temperature above the ice reservoir is as high as +1,6 C. But more complex forms of life here. But now, but once…
3 500 years ago, when the lake had just been formed, it occupied several Continue reading