The cleanest and deepest lake — Baikal. Its length is 620 km, the width ranges from 32 to 74 kilometers. The depth of the lake in the deepest part of the crack length is equal to 1940 meters. The volume of fresh water in the lake is 2,300 cubic kilometers.
African sister of lake Baikal geographers call lake Tanganyika. It originated in Eastern Africa many millions of years ago. Under the influence of tectonic forces in the earth’s surface there were two giant cracks. And in the place where now splashing water of lake Tanganyika, formed two large abysses – trenches. Gradually they filled with water, and there were two closed lakes.
It took many millennia, and these reservoirs are connected, forming lake Tanganyika. In local dialect the name of the lake means “sail”. The similarities of lake Baikal and Tanganyika is that they are similar in size and shape, as well as the origin of their basins. In addition, these are two of the most ancient and deepest freshwater lake in the world, Tanganyika equal Depth of 1470 metres, almost 700 metres below sea level. The lake water remarkably clear and pure, and its surface is so smooth that reminds a mirror.
The lake is home to over 400 species of various Continue reading
There are so many amazing places, and this was the result of human activity.
Known for its crystal clear water, Qiandao Lake, or thousand Islands, appeared in 1959, as a result of damming of the Xin’an river for the construction of hydropower plants in Zhejiang province formed the largest freshwater lake in Eastern China — Zandaka (Lake of a thousand Islands). Its name it received because of 1078 small and big Islands on it.
The water is so clean that served as the basis for the creation of a Chinese mineral water brand Nongfu Spring.
This unique artificial lake is 1078 Islands. 81% of the island territory covered with forests – the area is extremely beautiful Islands on the lake and around it represents the largest area of forest Park of China, home to 90 species of birds, 60 species of wild animals. Here was built the first in China hydroelectric. From here were resettled farmers from 1377 villages, 20 thousand hectares of arable land disappeared in the lake area of 573 sq km and with 1078 islets.
Currently in lake Qiandaohu mastered 13 scenic areas. If tourists wish to enjoy the picturesque landscape, they should visit the island of Mapendo. Standing on top of the island, Continue reading
Caspian sea — lake, the largest in the world by area and volume of water. K its shores appears five States. The salinity of the most part of the reservoir is about three times smaller than the oceanic, in the North the water is almost fresh.
In the Caspian sea registered 101 species of fish, it is focused the majority of the world’s reserves of sturgeon, as well as freshwater fish such as roach, carp, perch.
Ladoga and Onega lakes — the largest in Europe.
On the Ladoga lake – the abundance of Islands, which number more than 650
Lake Onega is one of the largest freshwater bodies of Europe. Its area is about 10,000 square kilometers. the length 248 km, width up to 80 kilometers. The average depth is 30 meters.
Lake Elton — one of the most interesting natural objects on the territory of the Volgograd region. Salt lake of enormous size, comparable only with Israeli the Dead sea, is situated in the middle of Pallasovsky steppe.
It has long been noticed that by the end of summer the surface of the lake is colored in mysterious purple-Golden color.
In Russia, the Lotus grows only in two places — in the Astrakhan region and in the far East. Lotus lake (or Goose) — a unique pond, all summer covered with a carpet of rare flowers. This lake is situated on one of the most picturesque Islands of the Peter the Great Bay
About the lake tell a wondrous legend. If before it was the valley where stood the village. In the middle of the village stood a well. One day from this well began to flow water, which flooded the village. It is believed that it broke the water of lake Baikal, which connects Crow huge underground channel. They say there is even the wreckage of ships that sank in the lake, find. And endemic fish found in the lake of Lotuses.