In northeastern Ethiopia, in the desert Danakil located an active volcano ERTA Ale, in whose crater can be seen emanating from the center of the earth flows molten lava.
The fiery lake of ERTA Ale (the Erta Ale). Ethiopia
Due to constant activity, which on the surface of the volcano and then there are clouds of smoke, the volcano ERTA Ale got its name, translated into Russian language means “Smoking volcano”.
ERTA Ale — the most active of the volcanoes of Ethiopia. This is one of five known volcanoes in the world with a lava lake, as well as the world’s only volcano, whose lava lake just two, making it truly unique.
The volcano ERTA Ale is located in the desert Danakil; it lies below sea level and is an integral part of the so-called “afar triangle” — the zone of strong volcanic activity.
ERTA Ale is a basaltic shield volcano, with lava lake in the crater. It is located in the Caldera of the size of 1.6 km x 0.7 km Constant activity of the volcano Continue reading
The world’s largest volcanic lake is located on the island of Sumatra. in Indonesia. This is Toba, the largest lake in Indonesia. In the center of the island of Sumatra is the Great Sumatran fault: here one can feel the slightest changes of the Indo-Australian and Eurasian plates which makes the whole area one of the most seismically active on earth. Near this dangerous fault and is Toba.
The lake is a consequence of the most powerful in the last 25 million years of volcanic eruptions. It was about 73 500 (±3500) years ago and, according to experts, was in force in 8 points.
The Toba Caldera is located in the North Central part of Sumatra. From the equator it is separated about 200 km It was formed from the collapsed during the eruption of three volcanoes calderas, pulled a part of the land. It subsequently filled with water. In the middle of the lake Toba is Samosir island is the result of extrusion of lava from the center of the Caldera, and now gradually resurgent lava dome, possibly the largest on Earth. However, earlier it was a Peninsula. And the island of Samosir became after 1906, the Dutch paved the channel depth Continue reading