In Karelia are the largest lakes of Europe – Ladoga and Onega. Stand out for their size also Vygozero (1000 sq km), Topozero. Segozero, Pjaozero, Vodlozero, Kuito, Sumozero. In total there are about 60000 lakes with a total area of over 40,000 sq km of Lake area up to 1 sq km make up 97,4% and cover about 10000 sq km.
The origin of the lakes can be divided into waste (the deepest – type Topozero, Pyaozero), glacial, depression which wapahani the glacier and subglacial streams (lakes of medium and shallow depths), and Zapadno river, resulting from block of river valleys by glacial sediments (Ondozero, Gimolskoye).
Like rivers, all the lakes of Karelia belong to the basins of White and Baltic seas. The height of the watershed which runs from the Northern part of the West Karelian upland to the southern part of Segozero, between lakes Onega and Vygozero and further to the Southeast in the direction of Pudozh district, is 150-200 m.
All large, medium and most small (1 sq km) the lakes – flow-through or waste, which is beneficial for fish life and other living organisms. Approximately 31,000 small lakes, forest Lambin area of 1 sq km – beremennosti. Continue reading
Beautiful, mesmerizing and alluring water surface can often be very dangerous. So, if you are going on another vacation on the shores of the reservoir, remember that many of them can pose a deadly danger to humans. And it’s not just the variety of creatures lurking in the depths, but in radiation, poisonous gases and other harmful factors resulting from the work of Mother nature. Offer to meet with the most dangerous lakes in the world.
1. The boiling lake
This lake, located on the beautiful Caribbean island of Dominica is the second largest natural hot spring in the world. Here only there is hardly a brave man who dared to try the water temperature in the lake, because it reaches 90 degrees Celsius. One look at the photo enough to see that the water in the lake is boiling and this is due to the fact that at the bottom of the reservoir has a crack, through which is constantly erupting hot lava.
2. Lake Powell
In common, this lake, located near mammoth lakes, not otherwise referred to as horseshoe. The town of mammoth lakes is located on top of an active volcano, but despite this, lake Powell for many years was considered safe, until all the trees around him began to die. After a series of studies, scientists concluded that the cause of death of trees Continue reading
“He have nazyvatsya the sea, that mingled with a large sea, and obesity its terms cannot be”, – wrote in the XVII century on lake Baikal Tsar’s Ambassador Nikolay Spafariy. Blue Crescent of lake Baikal have spread from the southwest to the northeast between the mountain ranges of Eastern Siberia by as much as 636 kilometers. In the Central part of the width of the lake over 80 km, and the opposite shore can be seen only in very clear weather, and the depth of Baikal reaches an incredible value for lake – 1637 meters. It is the deepest lake in the world. Photos Of Baikal. of course, to give some indication of the unique nature of the lake, but passed only a fraction of the charm of the sacred sea. You need to see the blue gave the Baikal lake, the mighty cliffs rising from the water straight to the sky, to feel the power of Baikal winds and waves, to understand why the Baikal often called the sea and not a lake.
Tectonic depression in which lies lake Baikal, began to fill with water 20-25 million years, and in its present shape, the lake has existed for several million years. The depth of the fracture in the earth’s crust, in which is situated the Baikal reaches 8.5 km. Most of the fault over millions of years has filled with sediments.
Lake Baikal contains 20% of the world’s fresh water. More than 330 rivers Continue reading