In Karelia are the largest lakes of Europe – Ladoga and Onega. Stand out for their size also Vygozero (1000 sq km), Topozero. Segozero, Pjaozero, Vodlozero, Kuito, Sumozero. In total there are about 60000 lakes with a total area of over 40,000 sq km of Lake area up to 1 sq km make up 97,4% and cover about 10000 sq km.
The origin of the lakes can be divided into waste (the deepest – type Topozero, Pyaozero), glacial, depression which wapahani the glacier and subglacial streams (lakes of medium and shallow depths), and Zapadno river, resulting from block of river valleys by glacial sediments (Ondozero, Gimolskoye).
Like rivers, all the lakes of Karelia belong to the basins of White and Baltic seas. The height of the watershed which runs from the Northern part of the West Karelian upland to the southern part of Segozero, between lakes Onega and Vygozero and further to the Southeast in the direction of Pudozh district, is 150-200 m.
All large, medium and most small (1 sq km) the lakes – flow-through or waste, which is beneficial for fish life and other living organisms. Approximately 31,000 small lakes, forest Lambin area of 1 sq km – beremennosti. Continue reading
“He have nazyvatsya the sea, that mingled with a large sea, and obesity its terms cannot be”, – wrote in the XVII century on lake Baikal Tsar’s Ambassador Nikolay Spafariy. Blue Crescent of lake Baikal have spread from the southwest to the northeast between the mountain ranges of Eastern Siberia by as much as 636 kilometers. In the Central part of the width of the lake over 80 km, and the opposite shore can be seen only in very clear weather, and the depth of Baikal reaches an incredible value for lake – 1637 meters. It is the deepest lake in the world. Photos Of Baikal. of course, to give some indication of the unique nature of the lake, but passed only a fraction of the charm of the sacred sea. You need to see the blue gave the Baikal lake, the mighty cliffs rising from the water straight to the sky, to feel the power of Baikal winds and waves, to understand why the Baikal often called the sea and not a lake.
Tectonic depression in which lies lake Baikal, began to fill with water 20-25 million years, and in its present shape, the lake has existed for several million years. The depth of the fracture in the earth’s crust, in which is situated the Baikal reaches 8.5 km. Most of the fault over millions of years has filled with sediments.
Lake Baikal contains 20% of the world’s fresh water. More than 330 rivers Continue reading
Lake Udyl is a huge freshwater reservoir, located among picturesque nature of the Khabarovsk territory. It is located in the Amur river basin and is one of the largest lakes in the region. The area of the surface exceeds 330 square kilometers. Longer in length by about 40 km and a maximum width of 11 kilometers, the Udyl rather like the river, bathed in the lake. The depth of the reservoir varies by season, in summer it is shallow. Maximum depth is 5 meters, the smallest – 2 m.
The scenic shoreline, framing the beautiful crystal surface of the pond. Stripped, dotted with beautiful coves, cut into the land bays, small michikami – this appears to be the Northern and South-Eastern part of the steep, massive folded schists of the coast. While the rest of it is calm forms and structures. Sand-clay surface of the coastal area is almost flat and low. Only places looming wetlands covered by luxuriant vegetation. These picturesque blotches liven up the lake, giving the surrounding landscape traditional Russian character and incredible charm.
In the waters of the shallow lakes have lost four small islets, and the confluence of rivers (Pildi, Whips and Chops) is the State reserve “Udalski”.
The rich vegetation of the coastal zone. The lake is surrounded by luxurious grass carpet, proteleuses for many miles ahead. In the lowlands rampaging unprecedented Continue reading